Notes

The Need for Black Undertakers

Smith, Suzanne E. To Serve the Living: Funeral Directors and the African American Way of Death. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010. 32-8.

Ibid. 47-9.

Ibid. 1-14.

4 “The Murder and the Movement”: The Emmett Till Story. Accessed December 18, 2015. http://www.richsamuels.com/nbcmm/till/till.html.

Undertakers in Detroit

1 Williams, Oralander Brand. “Undertaking the Way Home: Funeral Profession Revered in Detroit.” The Detroit News, February 21, 2012. Accessed November 24, 2015. http://www.detroitnews.com/article/20120221/LIFESTYLE/202210306.

Smith, Suzanne E. To Serve the Living: Funeral Directors and the African American Way of Death. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010. 64.

Charles C. Diggs, Sr. and Charles C. Diggs, Jr.

1 Moon, Elaine Latzman. Untold Tales, Unsung Heroes: An Oral History of Detroit’s African American Community, 1918-1967. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, 1994. 51-2.

2 Ibid. 53.

3 “DIGGS, Charles Coles, Jr. | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives.” DIGGS, Charles Coles, Jr. Accessed December 18, 2015. http://history.house.gov/People/Detail?id=12254.

4 “Diggs, Charles C., Jr. (1922-1998).” Diggs, Charles C., Jr. (1922-1998). Accessed December 18, 2015. http://kingencyclopedia.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_diggs_charles_c_jr_1922_1998/.

5 “DIGGS, Charles Coles, Jr. | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives.” DIGGS, Charles Coles, Jr. Accessed December 18, 2015. http://history.house.gov/People/Detail?id=12254.

6

James H. Cole and Charles T. Cole

“Welcome to James H. Cole Home for Funerals, Inc.” Welcome to James H. Cole Home for Funerals, Inc. Accessed November 25, 2015. http://www.jameshcole.com/choose/who.htm.

Wright, Roberta, and Richard H. Austin. Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery: The Evolution of an African American Corporation. Southfield, Mich.: Charro Book, 1993. 5.

Vollington A. Bristol

1 Boyle, Kevin. Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age. New York: H. Holt, 2004. 84.

2 Ibid. 153-4.

Other Important Mentions

For this category, each description was brought together from Roberta Hughes Wright’s book and the funeral home’s own website. I will link to those here. Swanson (http://www.swansonfuneralhomes.com/fh/home/home.cfm?&fh_id=12430), Barksdale (http://www.barksdalefuneralhome.com/), Thompson (http://thompsonfuneralhomedetroit.com/), Cantrell (http://www.cantrellfuneralhome.com/about-us), Stinson (http://www.stinsonfuneralhomes.com/fh/home/home.cfm?&fh_id=10775).

Dignity in Burial

Bak, Richard. Boneyards: Detroit under Ground. Detroit, Mich.: Wayne State University Press, 2010. 17-8.

Chinery, Kristen. “Ford Hunger March.” Walter P. Reuther Library. March 18, 2011. Accessed November 24, 2015. http://reuther.wayne.edu/node/7291.

“Indian Gets Legion Grave After Dispute.” The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973), Aug 14, 1960. http://search.proquest.com.proxy.lib.wayne.edu/docview/141036260?accountid=14925.

4  Bak, Richard. Boneyards: Detroit under Ground. Detroit, Mich.: Wayne State University Press, 2010. 17-8.

Detroit Memorial Park

Wright, Roberta, and Richard H. Austin. Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery: The Evolution of an African American Corporation. Southfield, Mich.: Charro Book, 1993. 5.

Smith, Suzanne E. To Serve the Living: Funeral Directors and the African American Way of Death. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010. 64-5.

Wright, Roberta, and Richard H. Austin. Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery: The Evolution of an African American Corporation. Southfield, Mich.: Charro Book, 1993. 22-3.

Smith, Suzanne E. To Serve the Living: Funeral Directors and the African American Way of Death. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2010. 121-2.

Wright, Roberta, and Richard H. Austin. Detroit Memorial Park Cemetery: The Evolution of an African American Corporation. Southfield, Mich.: Charro Book, 1993. 26.

Ibid. 54.

Ibid. 65-6.

Legacy

1 Miller, Michelle. “Funeral Directors Protest Detroit Violence.” CBSNews. January 29, 2012. Accessed December 18, 2015. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/funeral-directors-protest-detroit-violence/.